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Researching. Initial specification.  Anthropometrics,
Ergonomics, Market surveys, Designing solutions, development, Flow charts, Production methods, Quantity Production, Knowing the market, Develop a Design Brief.

Design Cycle and
Consumer Need   

Drawing techniques

Drawings, colouring & enhancing, media, etc.. Using mock-up models (2D & 3-D). Use of A3 boards, drafting equipment. Need for production drawings. (Orthographic,
Isometric, Oblique, etc.) Scale and dimensioning.

Processes, Casting Finishing, Brazing,
Joining, deforming, wasting, fabrication

Evaluate products for manufacture, Injection & comp-
ression, moulding, Vacuum forming. Metal shaping.
Wasting. Fabrication.Saws Files, Lathes, Drills, etc. Resins.
Paints, Powder coatings, re 'Batch' and other production

ICT Applications

Use of CAD / CAM. Batch production. DTP, Design for
manufacturing,  Data presentation - Bar charts etc. Text,
Packaging, Colour. Using ICT for PCB masters. Control of
production lines.  Use of spreadsheets.

Product evaluation

Assess product  -  fitness for purpose and ease of
manufacture, aesthetics and function.


Classify materials, Metals, plastics, composites, SMART
materials. GRP, Resins, Characteristics, Performance,
e.g. Conductivity, Insulation, Strength - in Com
Pression / Torsion, Shear. Testing - Hardness, Ductility, 
Brittleness etc. Heat treatment of metals and plastics. 
Annealing, Tempering, Normalising,  Work hardening,
age-hardening etc. Simple Ferrous and non-ferrous metals
and their characteristics, uses and limitations. Simple
Stress / Strain graphs.  Thermosetting and Thermoplastics
Marking out on materials, Modelling etc. Awareness
of construction methods and fittings.

Specific Commercial production scales, schedules for production and post production testing. Implications re

Prototype, One-off, Job production, Batch, Repetitive,
Continual Flow, Mass, Cell production, In-line production,  JIT, Concurrent Engineering, JIGS, Templates,  Patterns,  Logistics, ISO 9000, Consumer Rights, Good working practice, Flow diagrams, Testing to destruction, Non-destructive testing, BSI, 'Standards' marks, 'Kite' / EU,
Tolerance/Cost implications.  Difference between Quality assurance and quality control. Labelling, legislation, storage of product, LCA, CIM, CAM, CNC, CADD, CAD, DTP,

Quality Control &
     Quality Assurance

Distinguish between QC and QA Identify need in
production. Recognise when 'feedback' is being used,
'Sensing systems' for Quality Control.